|Landstraße is the 3rd municipal District of Vienna, Austria (German: 3. Bezirk). It is near the center of Vienna and was established in the 19th century and has existed since approximately 1200 AD. In 1192, the English King Richard the Lionheart was captured in the Erdberg neighbourhood, after the unsuccessful Third Crusade. The name Landstraße means "country road". To the tourists, it is mostly known for the 18th-century castle and gardens of Belvedere, the residence of Eugene of Savoy, which today houses the Austrian Gallery.
A more recent point of interest is the Hundertwasserhaus block of flats (apartment block) designed in a dream-like style by the architect and painter Friedensreich Hundertwasser. Museums in Landstraße include the KunstHausWien (also designed by Hundertwasser) and the Museum of Art Fakes. The St. Marx Cemetery in Landstraße contains the grave of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Landstraße is a heavily populated urban area with many workers and residential homes, that makes it a frequent first choice for newcomers who seek for the lively areas of the city.